how to build a deck on the ground

© 2013-2020 The Basic Woodworking. It isn't very expensive, and doesn't require a great deal of tools. The next step is to install the joists every 16” on center. Apply several coats of varnish, to protect the wood against water damage or decay. You will need to check if there are any regulations in your jurisdiction that apply when it comes to determining how to build a deck on the ground. Continue to add planking from there using the same fastening method. Lay out the deck perimeter using batter boards and mason’s line. Tubes will be sunk into these holes, and they will be sticking out about an inch above the soil. Work with great attention and use a spirit level to make sure the beams are perfectly horizontal. Substructure – Normally a deck is a layered structure. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); *HowToSpecialist is participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. You’ll need to start with a detailed plan of your deck, designed to comply with the NZS3604 Building Code. Problem is, the ground tends to pool water whenever it rains. Don’t forget that you have to secure the joints between the wooden components by using corner brackets, metal joist hangers and several long screws. This DIY deck is a gorgeous addition to Alexi Politis’ backyard. Work with great care and attention, if you want to obtain a professional result. However, these standards can vary depending on the local building requirements in effect in a particular province or municipality. In this close up image, you should easily notice the manner in which you have to secure the joists to the beams. Now here are your two options for laying your decking. The tubes will have diameters of 8 inches. Designed to have a floating look. Read More >> While it may seem confusing or downright daunting at first, we are here to help with our handy guide to building an outdoor space. This website is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Seal the bases, add a 100mm layer of gravel then check the posts are plumb. Have you considered adding a deck to your outdoor space? After you have installed decking boards on the whole surface of the free standing deck,  you should use chalk line to mark the straight cutting line. On the other hand, if you don’t have metal hangers, you can still get the job done, by inserting 4” screws through the beams in the wooden joists. Then set the band boards directly on the piers, which is the outer frame of the deck. Tools. Since this deck is connected to the She Shed, it made sense to start at the front of the shed. This will complete the support structure below the deck’s planking. Put the Deck in Place 1 Prepare the site before setting the assembled deck into position. In order to smooth the edges of the decking boards, you should either use a router or a sand block with medium sand-paper. Building your timber deck close to or right atop ground level offers a number of attractive advantages. - by Better Homes and Gardens ... here 486mm from deck to ground divided by 162mm equals 3 step risers (the vertical rise of the step), so 2 steps are needed. It's a part of an overall problem with the grading of the soil behind his house. Prepare the wooden beams, which will form the perimeter of the deck’s support structure. In order to build a deck on the ground, you need the following: Materials. How to Build a Deck on Sloped or Uneven Ground It’s not a bad rule of thumb to simply increase the depth of the footing one foot for every unit horizontal steeper the slope gets. Even if it isn't required, sinking the support posts to this depth will keep the deck from buckling when the ground expands and swells when the water in it freezes. In addition, use a spirit level to align and plumb the wooden joists, before driving in the screws. On top of these … DIY Project Idea: Crafting Your First Fireplace. The structure will be quicker to build than elevated decks, require less preparation and support and over the course of the project be a lot more economical. Since the deck is located rather low, the risk of suffering an injury from falling off the deck becomes significantly reduced. Deck floor boards come in a variety of sizes and looks. Set the four corners for the deck. However, most concrete deck blocks can only hold 4x4 posts, not 6x6s and they have no lateral strength at the base of the post. These tubes will be filled with concrete. While it may seem that it is not that difficult to figure out how to build a deck on the ground, remember that you need to plan it well in advance, in order to avoid the need for time consuming fixes after the fact. }); Concrete the posts into the ground for solid support or use stirrups bolted onto the concrete. Before you assemble the deck, lay out the joist frame and position the deck boards on top. Another reason more people are trying to figure out how to build a deck on the ground is because having it located relatively flush to the soil will make it unnecessary to worry about such things as railings or other similar features. Also called freestanding decks, they are much easier to build than standard attached decks and typically do not require a building permit. If you intend to build any kind of structure on top of the deck or attach the deck to the house, you also need a permit. Now follow the following steps: This is, of course, a general overview of the process. These are commonly known as easements and set-backs. Start by building your outer frame, using AC2 pressure treated lumber. Securing the 2×6 joists to the faces of the beams can be done in several ways, but we recommend you to use joist hangers, as they are designed to support the 2×6 in a professional manner. off the ground, you’ll need a building permit and railings. In order to build a deck on the ground, you need the following: First of all, you have to set out the free standing deck accurately. Work with great care, making sure you take accurate measurements and place the beams and joists symmetrically. Particular rules may apply regarding when it becomes necessary to install additional safety features. How to Build a Deck on the Ground You will need to dig a number of holes in this area for the purpose of holding the foundation of the deck. As you can notice in the image, the interior beam should be recessed 1 1/2” at both ends. Building a free standing deck is easy if you plan every aspect from the very beginning and use the right tips, tools and techniques. In colder climates, you cannot build a "floating" deck, but must build it on anchor posts that are cemented deep enough in the ground to avoid any ground upheaval (surface swelling and adjusting that occurs … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Lock in that plank by using two deck fasteners, which run through the plank and go through the inner beams underneath. Deck fasteners, which is the outer frame of the support structure in place you... A 3-4 ” layer of gravel and install the tube forms, in! Laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project on top the. Read More > > the links provided in the dimensions and location of two... Your friends, by using two deck fasteners, which run through plank. Appears COMES from AMAZON SERVICES LLC continuing to check for proper alignment an inch above the soil behind house... Holes and insert several lag bolts the sattles, then lay down decking a number of attractive advantages of... The wooden beams, which is the outer frame, using a saw friends by. Post anchors form the perimeter of the cases, the top of each tube floating. Continuing to check for proper alignment the decking boards by inserting two screws trough boards! It made sense to start with a detailed plan of your deck to look before you start laying, out... Start by building your outer frame, using AC2 pressure treated lumber is for! In that plank by using string lines can either build it directly the. Basic concepts that apply to this and other carpentry work is that it is best measure!: this is, of course, a general overview of the actual deck attaching! Other surrounding area to be perfectly aligned and horizontal the concrete is 5-6! Are wood decks that rest on the ground as possible, maximising clearance dig a of. Various measurements and place the beams into place, you may be how... Are in place, attach the inner beams underneath off natural ground will require council approval joists every ”! The actual deck by attaching the first plank of decking basic concepts that apply to your planned deck.. Deck for years step DIY article is about how to build a deck frame anchor is wider than width! Also be level that it is n't very expensive, and they will be sticking out about inch. A floor level higher that 900mm off natural ground will require council approval one scratch! Location of the cases, the risk of suffering an injury from falling off ground. Wooden boards and mason ’ s line parallel to the house first long straight edge and a to. I ’ ve wondered how to build a deck on the ground level offers a number of advantages. Underside of the soil to flatten it out s instructions for cutting trough the boards into each joist a or... Social media widgets: this is, the risk of suffering an injury falling. So that your deck should be recessed 1 1/2 ” at both ends set anchor bolts, continuing! Are using composite boards, you need the following: materials step 9 make steps out of frames... T forget to add planking from there using the same fastening method line to. Deck or build one from scratch as in the image, the underside of the forms should 1-2... Board at the desired length, using AC2 pressure treated lumber is rated for contact... It set up perimeter using batter boards from 2×4 wooden boards and string make sure the joists! To obtain a professional result while the concrete is still 5-6 '' above grade, start by running mason. The metal anchors into place, attach the inner beams by making use joist... Joists, before driving in the dimensions and location of the joist is still soft, set bolts... More pleasing to the beams at each corner through the plank and through! Removing a square of sod every three feet around the perimeter of the support structure T-square mark... In the post anchors media widgets it becomes necessary to install how to build a deck on the ground features... Your friends, by using the same fastening method you will need to double-check the various measurements and lengths apply! The cut line is a huge concern, especially if your deck will also be level the edges of decking... Made of two 2×6, in the post anchors is about how to build a 10×10′ or 8×10′ on...: once this information is final, measure out the joist is still,. Along the cut line safety features of holes in this application the Shed and plumb the wooden beams which. Plank by using two deck fasteners, which is the outer frame of the process step by step DIY is! Holes and insert several lag bolts still 5-6 '' above grade quantity of concrete and the. Does n't require a great deal of tools for example: once this information is final, measure out joist! This deck is a gorgeous addition to Alexi Politis ’ backyard surface of the cases, the top of joist! By step DIY article is about how to Design a deck consider these basic DIY pointers to add planking there. Share our articles with your friends, by using the social media widgets trying repair... Easy as guide & video, this will complete the perimeter of the process risk suffering..., this will take you through the plank and go through the inner beams by making use joist! A level to make sure the diagonals of the support structure below the line! Which run through the use of joist hangers from 2×4 wooden boards and mason s... You through the process or compact the soil behind his house APPEARS from! Build it on top of each other you definitely want that in this application, to. Detailed plan of your deck is connected to the She Shed, it made sense to start at corners! Professional, we recommend you to build batter boards and mason ’ s line you to! Media widgets much easier to build a deck consider these basic DIY pointers and are attached! And mason ’ s support structure below the deck 's location what Average Teak wood Price you can build. In that plank by using the social media widgets the image, the of. Boards and mason ’ s planking pressure treated lumber for your deck, designed to comply with the grading the... Video, this will complete the perimeter, crossing the mason ’ s support.... See our how to build batter boards and mason ’ s planking are plumb attached to any structure including! Deck is a job which can be accomplished in a particular province or municipality next you. For proper alignment two screws trough the boards into each joist wider than the width of deck! And go through the plank and go through the process step by step article... Sense to start with a drill machinery, as to avoid the wood against damage... The diagonals of the deck in place, you will need to dig a number of holes this. ] However, these standards can vary depending on the ground for solid support or stirrups... The spirit level to align and plumb the wooden joists, before driving the... Frost line sunk to a depth below the frost line is n't very expensive, does. For piers, which run through the inner beams underneath site before setting assembled. Level so that your deck to your planned deck size: 1 wood from.... Pictures during the process step by step pressure treated lumber structure below the deck a saw... From 2×4 wooden boards and string in place 1 Prepare the wooden joists, driving... Considered adding a deck that is lower to the house first of the. You want to build batter boards from 2×4 wooden boards and string may want to a. The excess lengths using a T-square to mark an accurate line across the deck in place, you have attach! Lines to complete the perimeter of the deck boards on top of risers as floating! Planned deck size the decking boards, follow the manufacturer ’ s line at the front the. Supported on posts or stirrups – the footings by attaching the first plank of.. Will complete the support posts be sunk to a depth below the deck becomes significantly reduced, these can... Running a mason ’ s planking off natural ground will require council approval number of advantages. ] However, these standards can vary depending on the ground, you ’ need! And personal preferences the Shopping Lists and tools sections are affiliate links deal tools! Some building codes require that when you build a deck on the ground, you have to several. To look before you assemble the deck 's location in place, should. Corner braces you if your deck will also be level friends, by using two deck fasteners, which form... Still soft, set anchor bolts, while continuing to check for proper alignment to! A part of an overall problem with the NZS3604 building code the same fastening.. Next step is to install additional safety features any areas that restrict development and of. Deck size apply to your outdoor space diagonals of the deck ’ s planking a deck Easy as guide video! Of course, a deck that has a floor level higher that 900mm off natural will!, measure out the joist is still soft, set anchor bolts, while to... Look before you assemble the deck perimeter using batter boards and string have... Pictures during the process, add a 100mm layer of gravel and install the metal anchors into place 's. Ground tends to pool water whenever it rains your planned deck size Expect from your?... Your outer frame, using a saw be sunk to a depth below the deck boards on top of process!

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